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persoc - personality and social relationships

A closer look at first sight (25.06.2010)

New paper in press uses a combination of the lens model and the social relations model to explain the effects of personality on interpersonal attraction at zero acquaintance

Back, M. D., Schmukle, S. C., & Egloff, B. (in press). A closer look at first sight: Social relations lens model analyses of personality and interpersonal attraction at zero acquaintance. European Journal of Personality.

Abstract: Based on a new theoretical framework – the Social Relations Lens Model – this study examined the influence of personality on real-life attraction at zero acquaintance. A group of psychology freshmen (N = 73) was investigated upon encountering one another for the first time. Personality traits, attraction ratings and metaperceptions were assessed using a large round-robin design (2,628 dyads). In line with our model, personality differentially predicted who was a liker and who expected to be liked (perceiver effects), who was popular and who was seen as a liker (target effects), as well as who liked whom and who expected to be liked by whom (relationship effects). Moreover, the influence of personality on attraction was mediated by observable physical, nonverbal, and audible cues. Results allowed a closer look at first sight and underline the importance of combining componential and process approaches in understanding the interplay of personality and social phenomena.