Narcissistic Admiration and Rivalry Questionnaire (NARQ)
|Back, M. D., Küfner, A. C. P., Dufner, M., Gerlach, T. M., Rauthmann, J. F., & Denissen, J. J. A. (in press). Narcissistic admiration and rivalry: Disentangling the bright and dark sides of narcissism. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.|
The NARQ is based on the idea that narcissism can be decomposed into two positively correlated dimensions: Admiration and Rivalry. These dimensions each encompass different cognitive, affective-motivational, and behavioral facets and result from two distinct interpersonal strategies: the tendency to approach social admiration by means of self-promotion (assertive self-enhancement) and the tendency to prevent social failure by self-defense (antagonistic self-protection). Both dimensions share the overarching goal to maintain a grandiose self. Differentiating narcissistic admiration and rivalry promises to improve our understanding of the determinants, processes, and consequences of narcissism.