Narcissistic Admiration and Rivalry Questionnaire (NARQ)

Back, M. D., K├╝fner, A. C. P., Dufner, M., Gerlach, T. M., Rauthmann, J. F., & Denissen, J. J. A. (2013). Narcissistic admiration and rivalry: Disentangling the bright and dark sides of narcissism. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 105, 1013-1037.

Brief Background

The NARQ is based on the idea that narcissism can be decomposed into two positively correlated dimensions: Admiration and Rivalry. These dimensions each encompass different cognitive, affective-motivational, and behavioral facets and result from two distinct interpersonal strategies: the tendency to approach social admiration by means of self-promotion (assertive self-enhancement) and the tendency to prevent social failure by self-defense (antagonistic self-protection). Both dimensions share the overarching goal to maintain a grandiose self. Differentiating narcissistic admiration and rivalry promises to improve our understanding of the determinants, processes, and consequences of narcissism.


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